Impact Driver vs Drill: What Are The Differences?

You’re not sure about what’s the difference between an impact driver vs drill?

If you’re working on a project at home, there’s a good possibility that you already have both of these tools someplace in your toolkit. This is due to the fact that an impact driver and a drill may both be utilized to complete specific tasks around the house.

However, they are not interchangeable, and each has its own set of applications, advantages, and drawbacks that distinguish it from the others. We’ll compare them side by side to assist you in determining which instrument is best suited for the job.

We can assist you in getting to the bottom of this situation.

What is an impact driver?

An impact driver is a powerful tool that primarily uses an electric motor to generate torque. This torque is then transferred into a mechanism that delivers rotational energy to the drive bit, making it easier for you to drill holes in materials such as wood and metal.

In simple terms, an impact driver fits in between a drill and a hammer drill. It delivers more torque than a drill but without the percussive action of a hammer drill.

Most impact drivers are cordless, which makes them suitable for driving screws in wood and metal, as well as drilling small holes.

The best choice is an air-powered impact driver if you plan to drive into hard metals or concrete.

What is a drill?

impact driver vs drill

A drill, or power drill, is a versatile and portable tool that uses rotating energy to help you make accurate holes in materials such as wood and metal.

Drills can be corded or cordless. Corded drills operate with a plugged-in power source, while cordless drills use battery packs to deliver rotational power via an electric motor.

Corded drills are less expensive, but cordless drills tend to offer more power and flexibility. However, they require recharging or replacement batteries, which can be time-consuming if you don’t have spares on hand.

What’s the difference between an impact driver vs drill?


In general, an impact driver is lighter than a corded drill since it does not have the same internal components that a corded drill does in order to support larger power demands. Despite the fact that a cordless drill is lighter than a corded drill, it will still be heavier than an impact driver.

Because of the way it is constructed, an impact driver has a smaller motor than a drill, for example. As a result, the weight and size of the instrument are restricted.

As a result, using an impact driver for extended periods of time without feeling arm weariness or hand strain is possible. Impact drivers are also small and compact, allowing them to be used in confined locations.


Drills can rotate very quickly, which is especially useful when you’re drilling several holes in metal or masonry materials. This fast rotational speed is delivered via the rotating chuck of the drill. The chuck is part of the drill that holds the bit in place.

An impact driver rotates slowly, which makes it suitable for driving screws into wood or metal materials. It does not have a rotating chuck because its torque is delivered via an entirely different mechanism.


A beginner can easily operate an impact driver because it requires no prior knowledge of the mechanisms that generate speed and torque. You must learn how to control the rotational speed of a drill in order for your drilling activities to be accurate when using a drilling machine. Those who are not accustomed to working with power tools, such as novice users, may find this intimidating.


A cordless drill has more power than an impact driver, although it is less powerful. In addition, as compared to a drill, it gives you less control over the speed and torque delivery. The lack of hard material compatibility makes it unsuitable for drilling into hard materials like masonry or metal, but it is ideal for driving screws into soft materials such as wood and plastic.

In comparison to an impact driver, a drill has the ability to generate more torque. The tool is therefore perfect for drilling holes into hard materials, particularly if you use a cordless drill because the battery increases the tool’s versatility and allows it to drill holes into more difficult materials.

Which Should You Choose?

If you need to drill holes in metal or masonry materials, a cordless power drill is your best bet. It is lightweight and portable. It will provide you with greater rotational power than an impact driver.

An impact driver is a better choice for lighter activities around the house, such as screwing together pieces of trim, than a drill. As an added bonus, it is the best tool for constructing furniture using wooden dowels because it will not fracture the wood as easily as a power drill.

In the event that you only need to drive screws into wood materials, a cordless screwdriver or a corded drill will be adequate tools. In comparison to an impact driver, these tools are less expensive and easy to use.

Power drills with the appropriate attachments, on the other hand, are the most effective tool for driving screws into hard materials such as metal and masonry. Alternatively, a corded hammer drill or an air-powered impact driver can be used for these types of tasks.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, it’s critical to be aware of the restrictions of the instruments that you employ for a variety of purposes. An impact driver is not powerful enough to drill holes in tougher materials such as masonry or metal, but a drill equipped with an adaptor is capable of doing so in certain situations.

If you only need to drive screws into wood materials, you can use a cordless screwdriver or drill to get the job done quickly and efficiently. Just make sure you have the appropriate accessories for these tools in order for them to function properly on your selected application.